Sulla wages Civil War against Marius (Mary Evans Library)

Rome did not fall in a day. There is no one man who can be credited alone for its fall nor any single moment in time that can be pointed to as the beginning of the end. Important figures such as the Grachii brothers, Marius, Sulla, and most naturally Julius Caesar can all be blamed for the fall of the Roman Republic. Certainly, Julius Caesar delivered the deathblow to the Republic, but he could not have done so had the groundwork not already been laid for the takeover of the government. Who was most pivotal in the devolution of the…


Slave Market in Ancient Rome by Jean-Leon Gerome.

As expected of the ancient world and particularly of the Roman world, slavery was incredibly brutal and unrelenting. The slave in the ancient world served in a wide variety of capacities, some physically arduous to the point of being debilitating, while others performed servant duties and clerical activities. The treatment of a slave depended, as in all cases of slavery, upon the civility of their master. The Roman Republic served as the example for modern states, specifically the United States. …


The 1889 painting created in the year of the birth of Adolf Hitler depicts the return of Wotan and the coming chaos. The ‘Wild Chase’ by Franz Stuk had long been rumored in occult circles to have been a prophecy of Hitler’s rise to power.

In the words of Sophie Scholl, “When he uses the name the almighty, he means the power of evil, the fallen angel, Satan. His mouth is the foul-smelling maw of Hell, and his might is at bottom accursed. True, we must conduct a struggle against the National Socialist terrorist state with rational means; but whoever today still doubts the reality, the existence of demonic powers, has failed by a wide margin to understand the metaphysical background of this war.”[1]

The subject of the influence of religion upon the modern world has been so little studied and so thoroughly disregarded by…


A black figure vase depicting the Peloponnesian War.

Sparta and Athens: The Antithetical City-States of Greece

It seems counterintuitive that forces separated by only ninety miles would evolve into oppugnant peoples, with entirely different views on morality, way of life, and government. Athens and Sparta, the greatest city-states of the classical era, were home to unique, disparate cultures and ultimately worst of enemies. …


Benvenuto Cellini , Perseus with the Head of Medusa, 1545–1554, Florence.

Myth and the human story are one. Myth has served thousands of years as both origins that situate humanity in relationship with the cosmos and as an inspiration to life on earth. Whether true or fiction, myth intertwines itself with the human understanding of the world and is thus indispensable to humanity and the study of it. Myth exists not only as story, but as a fantastical retelling of history, and in no other time did myth or hero flourish as vibrantly than in the heroic age of Greece.

Before writing, humanity had but one way to remember its history…


Political map of Europe in ninth Century.

The Medieval Period did not entail a loss of civilization, but rather a spread of it. In the Golden Age of antiquity, European civilization was confined to the Greek and Italian peninsulas. The Medieval Period, despite the collapse of the Roman Empire, is about the spreading of civilization to the rest of Europe. The holders of the wisdom of Greco-Roman antiquity — Greece, the Byzantine Empire, and to some extent Italy — continued to flourish and to retain much of the knowledge of their ancestors. This knowledge would spread to the rest of the peoples of Europe, who would create…


Illustration from the 1840 Book of the Great Sea Dragons by Thomas Hawkins.

Abstract

In this report The Origin of the Dragon, this research seeks to answer how humanity from the dawn of civilization to the beginning of the modern period believed dragons were not a fantasy but a real animal. The paper will examine what a dragon was according to medieval Europeans, and with this definition seek to find plausibility within certain dragon legends. The report will explore ancient knowledge of dinosaurs as well as European encounters with the last of the ruling reptiles, the archosaurian crocodile. It examines the early scientific understanding of dragons, and how this understanding grew into the modern…


The bombing of Darwin by Japanese Aircraft in 1941.

On September third of 1939 Great Britain declared war on Nazi Germany, and in 1941 Japan began to attack British colonies in Asia and the Pacific. Britain would be at war with Germany, Japan, and Italy. And so would the British Empire, which included the young Commonwealth of Australia. Australia had already been called upon once to fight for Britain in the Great War, its troops being deployed far and wide to fight the enemies of Britain. The Second World War, however, would see the survival of Britain and its empire put into question. …


Roman senate in session.

The Romans were people who varied as widely as any large society does — some kind, some artistic, some scholarly, and some evil. In this sense there is no typical Roman, just as there is no typical person. Pliny the Younger wrote in one of his letters, “There are times when I laugh, make jokes and enjoy my fun, in fact I can sum up all these innocent relaxations in a word: I am human.”[1] To imagine what a Roman might be is to understand common customs and beliefs shared amongst the populace, customs and beliefs that are almost entirely…


A child being sacrifice to Moloch.

Most experience evil, but few experience evil in its most absolute and terrible of forms. In recent times, evil manifested in Nazi Germany. But despite the unfathomable evil of these people, it is not unprecedented. There have been many evil societies in history, some devoted to Gods or more appropriately demons of terror and tears.

That the demons of the Bible actually existed will be a surprise to non-scholars but incarnated in a bronze flesh they both existed and brought immeasurable agony with them. The first of the abominations is Moloch, worshiped by the people of Canaan. An anthropomorphic god…

Tristan Erwin

History student at UNG Military College. Specialist in European history and Mythology. Footnotes and Bibliography always provided. Only scholarly sources used.

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